Pregnancy is a critical period, during which maternal nutrition and lifestyle choices act significantly on the well-being of the mother and the infant.
The substantial relationship between maternal nutrition and the infant’s well-being can be established. The physical growth and the mental development of the fetus in the intrauterine period will be favorable, provided that the mother adopts an adequate and balanced diet during pregnancy.
- Procter, S.B., Campbell, C.G. (2014). Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: nutrition and lifestyle for a healthy pregnancy outcome. J Acad Nutr Diet.114(7):1099-103.
- Samur, G. (2008). Gebelik ve Emziklilik Döneminde Beslenme. Klasmat Matbaacılık, Ankara.
Importance of Nutrition During Pregnancy
Adoption of a healthy nutrition plan for a pregnant woman is critical. In the sense that healthy nutrition is important not only for the proper growth and development of the fetus but also for the well-being of the mother during pregnancy. ¹
The physical growth and the mental development of the fetus in the intrauterine period and the maintenance of the well-being of the pregnant woman can be achieved simultaneously. This is through the adoption of an adequate and balanced diet by the expectant mother during pregnancy.
Adequate and balanced nutrition should be a part of everyday life, and the future mother should make healthy eating a lifestyle choice during the pre-pregnancy period.
Inadequate nutrition of the pregnant woman may lead to some health issues in the infant such as premature birth, low birth weight, and physical and mental developmental disorders.
Maternal nutrition is critical also for the pregnant woman to meet her energy and nutrient needs of herself and maintain the nutrient storage of her body.
- Arlı, M., Şanlıer, N., Küçükkömürler, S., & Yaman, M. (2017). Anne ve Çocuk Beslenmesi. Pegem Atıf İndeksi, 1-233.
Daily Amounts of Food to be Consumed During Pregnancy (portion/day)
|Milk, yogurt||2 glasses (400-500 ml)|
|Cheese||2 finger-widths (60 g)|
|Meat, chicken, fish||3-4 portions|
|Eggs, legumes||1 portion|
|Fresh vegetables and fruits||5-7 portions|
|Rice, bulgur, pasta, etc.||0 or 2-3 portions|
Reference: Samur, G. (2008). Gebelik ve Emziklilik Döneminde Beslenme. Klasmat Matbaacılık, Ankara.
The table shows the recommended average daily serving. The diet plan should be tailored to the individual.